Sugammadex Sodium: Reversing Neuromuscular Blockade Safely and Effectively

Sugammadex sodium is a remarkable medical innovation that plays a pivotal role in the field of anesthesia and critical care medicine. Developed as a selective relaxant binding agent (SRBA), this medication is designed to counteract the effects of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), allowing for the swift and controlled reversal of muscle relaxation during surgical procedures and critical care scenarios. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of sugammadex sodium, exploring its uses, dosing guidelines, cost, and the manufacturers that contribute to its availability.

Sugammadex Sodium: Reversing Neuromuscular Blockade Safely and Effectively

What is Sugammadex Sodium?

Sugammadex sodium is a selective relaxant binding agent designed to reverse the effects of neuromuscular blocking agents. While the name sugammadex sodium may not be familiar to many, it is crucial to understand that this medication is the generic name for Bridion, a product manufactured by Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD). Sugammadex sodium is available as an intravenous (IV) injection, making it a convenient and effective choice for medical professionals in various clinical settings.

What is Sugammadex Sodium Used For?

  1. Reversal of Neuromuscular Blockade: Sugammadex sodium is primarily employed to reverse the effects of NMBAs, specifically rocuronium and vecuronium. These NMBAs are commonly used during surgical procedures to induce muscle relaxation, facilitating intubation and surgical access.
  2. Improving recovery after surgery: By rapidly reversing the effects of neuromuscular blockade, Sugammadex sodium can help patients breathe more easily after surgery and potentially shorten their recovery time in the hospital.
  3. Reducing the need for additional medications: In some cases, other medications are used to reverse the effects of neuromuscular blockade. Sugammadex sodium can sometimes be used instead of these other medications, potentially reducing the risk of side effects.
  4. Applicability to Various Patient Groups: This versatile medication can be used in both adult and pediatric populations over 2 years of age, ensuring its utility in a wide range of patient scenarios. Moreover, it is a valuable tool for healthcare providers when dealing with patients who have moderate to severe renal or hepatic impairment.

Sugammadex Sodium Dosing

The dosing of sugammadex sodium is contingent on several factors:

  • Neuromuscular Blocker: The type of neuromuscular blocker used (rocuronium or vecuronium) determines the initial dose.
  • Depth of Blockade: The degree of muscle relaxation achieved by the blocker influences the required dose.
  • Patient Weight: The patient’s weight is a key factor in calculating the appropriate dose.
  • Individual Response: Some patients may require adjustments based on their individual response to the medication.

The typical recommended doses for Sugammadex sodium are:

2 mg/kg for reappearance of T2 twitch
16 mg/kg for rapid reversal after 1.2 mg/kg rocuronium
4 mg/kg for reappearance of at least 1-2 post-tetanic counts

Sugammadex Sodium: Reversing Neuromuscular Blockade Safely and Effectively

Sugammadex Sodium Cost

The cost of sugammadex sodium can vary considerably based on a range of factors, including the pharmacy where it is purchased and the extent of insurance coverage. Here are some key considerations regarding the cost of sugammadex sodium:

Wholesale Acquisition Cost (WAC)

The wholesale acquisition cost for a single 500 mg vial of sugammadex sodium is approximately $1,200. This serves as a reference point for healthcare facilities and insurance providers when determining reimbursement rates.

Insurance Coverage

The extent of insurance coverage can significantly impact the out-of-pocket cost for patients. Patients with comprehensive insurance plans may experience minimal or no cost, while those with less coverage may face a substantial financial burden.

Variability in Out-of-Pocket Costs

It is important to note that the out-of-pocket cost for patients can range widely, from $0 to $1,000 or more. The ultimate cost is influenced by individual insurance plans and the specific pharmacy where the medication is obtained.

Sugammadex Sodium Manufacturers

While Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) is a prominent manufacturer of sugammadex sodium, it is worth mentioning that other companies contribute to the availability of this essential medication. For example, Qingmu Pharmaceutical, a leading pharmaceutical company in China, is actively involved in the production of active pharmaceutical ingredients of sugammadex sodium. The involvement of multiple manufacturers helps ensure a stable supply of this critical medication in the global healthcare market.

Sugammadex Sodium: Reversing Neuromuscular Blockade Safely and Effectively


Sugammadex sodium stands as a remarkable achievement in the field of anesthesia and critical care medicine. Its ability to effectively reverse the effects of NMBAs such as rocuronium and vecuronium makes it an invaluable tool for healthcare providers in various clinical scenarios. Despite the variation in cost depending on factors such as pharmacy and insurance coverage, its accessibility remains crucial in ensuring patient safety and quality care. Multiple manufacturers, including industry leaders like MSD and companies like Qingmu Pharmaceutical, contribute to the availability of this vital medication, further enhancing its reach and impact in the healthcare sector. Sugammadex sodium continues to be a testament to the advancements in medical science and a cornerstone of patient safety during surgical procedures and critical care interventions.

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